How to Assemble a Winter Cycling KitWithout a Fat Bike

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I wont lie: theres nothing better on a winter morning than fat skis and a foot of fresh snow. But as a cyclist, I also appreciate the beauty of a winter ride.

Snowy outings on your bike are a little different than summer ones. The air feels thick and heavy from the cold.Some of my usual routes are throughdeep powder. Im never as fit. If my goal were to train, Id be inside, on Zwift, where its always warm and dry and you can pack in a ride of any length on any schedule. But Im still outside.

Winter riding holds particular delights. Trails are deserted, and even ho-hum sections can take on a challenge and an unpredictability thatthey lack in summer. But what I love most of all is that soft silence during or aftera snowfall, when its just me, the bike, and the suggestion of singletrack laid out aheadunder a blanket of white.

You dont need a closet full of special gear for this. Just a few select additions to your normal riding kit will go far. Here are someessentials I come back to every season for winter riding in dry, cold, sunny Colorado,plus recommendations for folks in other climates. (No, none of the following items isa fat bike.)

A Wool Earflap Cap

Ounce for ounce anddollar for dollar, I dont think youll find a better bet for staying warm than a good wool cycling cap with earflaps. Youllfind versions of this concept from45Nrth, Giro,Snek, and plenty ofother brands. What to look for: flaps that are large enough to fully cover your ears and the back of your neck, a flexible brim that deflects cold breezes and stuffs into a jacket pocket, and a midweight merino-wool fabric thats warm but trim enough to fit under a helmet. In very cold and humid climes, you might opt for a windproof cap, but Ive found that those tend to trap moisture next to my scalp. Im hot at the start and thencooldown as my head gets progressively damper.

A Neck Gaiter

Number two on my warmth-per-dollar scale, these simple pieces of fabricgo by various names (my favoritemight be snood). All are essentially a 6-to-12-inch tube thats as versatile and ingenious as it is simple. Worn around the neck, it helps keep cold drafts from going down your jacket collar. Pull it up a bit to protect your nose and chin,or fold and twist it into a hat or headband if you forgot yours. I reach for one of two options, depending on the temperature: a lightweight synthetic thatprovides just enough coverage to keep out above-freezing chill, or a midweight merino-wool version thats idealfor really frigiddays. This one from Buffis perfect.

Thermal Shorts

A pair of cycling shorts in a thick, thermal-weight fabric is among the most versatileitems in my wardrobe. For cool road rides, I wear them to keep my rear warm, and I pair themwith knee warmers as an essential means of keeping those joints toasty. I layer that combo under trail pants ontruly cold days or for snowy trail adventures instead of thermal tights. For a long time, these were niche items, but more and more companies are seeing the light. You can find them from Pearl IzumiandRapha, among other brands. Santa brought me a pair of Velocio thermals ($209) for Christmas,and so far Im a big fan of the fit and function. They come in specific versions for men and women.


If you ride in very cold conditions, you may want dedicated winter cycling shoes, which offerinsulation and are often waterproof. But for most of us, Im not sure theyre necessary, simply because theyre expensive for a specialty item youll use only a few months a year. One alternative is to put flat pedals on your bike and ride in the insulated hikers or winter boots you already own. If youre looking for some extra warmth around your toes when temperatures dropdown to about 15 degrees, Isuggest a good pair of insulated overshoes. Neoprene is the most commonly used insulation, but I prefer fleece-lined versions. When my current pair of Bontragers dies (sadly, theyre no longer made), Ill probably replace them with Louis Garneaus fleece and neoprene Thermax II ($45). Should you get road or mountain covers? Either, depending on where you spend most of your winter miles, but the latter are more walkable than road covers and sometimes more sturdily made, yet they still fit over road cleats.

Good Gloves

Seasoned winter fat-bike riders swear by pogies(those bar-mounted hand covers) as the only thing that really works in single-digit temperatures. For something less extreme, try split-finger mitts, which are compatible with cyclings requirements on braking and shifting, unlike full mittens. Pearl Izumis ProAmFib Lobsteris a classic. You can also always go with inexpensive CarharttorKinco work gloves, which sacrifice a bit of dexterity but get the job done. Another option is to look to brands that make gear for cross-country skiing, like Craft, Hestra, Swix, and Toko.

There are a few types of gloves I avoid. First: Im not a fan of neoprene next to my skin. Neoprene doesnt breathe, so my hands get wet, which is bad when I inevitably have to remove a glove on a below-freezing ride. It also does not keep me warm. Second: touchscreen compatibility is fiction when dealing with thick, insulated gloves, but thatsnot a functional feature anyway, so ignoreit.

A Tasty Drink Mix

Energy-food company Skratch Labs makes a hot apple-ciderdrink mix that combines electrolytes with the taste of those powdered apple-cider beverages you find in almost any ski lodge. Itsthe perfect nexus of functional sport fuel and warm comfort. Hydration is essential in winter,too; while you may not sweat as much or feel as thirsty in the cold, youre still getting dehydrated when you work out, and the tasty flavor means I dont have to remind myself to drink. I sometimes go ride in the cold just as an excuse to bring some.

An Insulated Mug

Regular plastic water bottles are a sucky choice for a hot drink. They lose heat so quickly that your beveragewill be cold in minutes. And hot water brings out the taste of plastic, so youll wind up drinking hotlow-density-polyethylene apple cider. Yum! Instead, I use a double-wall vacuum-insulated steel travel mug with a push-button spout. I have a (now discontinued) old Avex that fits in a jersey pocket or standard water-bottle cage. The updated version of my mug is the ReCharge from Coleman ($16). It keeps drinks hot for about an hour and warm for up to two. If you want something thats better insulated and keeps hot drinks hot longer, Id look at Yetis Rambler 18 bottle ($30) and itsHotShot cap ($13).

Trail Pants

I wrote about this category last year, and Im still a believer that goodwindproof trail pants with a bit of stretch are the perfect on-bike shell layer. MyPearl Izumi Summit AmFib Lites, which feature weather-resistant polyester on the front and a breathable poly-Lycra blend in back, have worked flawlessly through a full season, with no wear or other issues. Theyre warm, with a soft-backed interior thats comfortable against myskin, andfeatureplenty of stretch. Thecut, which is tailored but stillloose enough to comfortably fitover base layers for more insulation, makes them a good crossover piecefor cross-country skiing or cold-weather runs. Theres a warmer version as well with thicker fabric and more windproofing. If you need something cozier still, look to 45Nrths Naughtvind, which are meant to be layered over thermal tights.

An Insulated Midlayer or a Soft Shell

The type of insulation thats right for you depends on your climate, the kind of riding you do, and the conditions. If youre a roadie, a cycling-specific thermal jacket like Raphas Brevet Insulated ($205) may be the best choice. The trade-off is versatility: road-oriented shells like the Brevet have a snug fit and are cut for a fairly aggressive on-bike position, which makes them less ideal for other aerobic winter sports. Looser alternatives from cycling brands include 7Meshs Outflow ($330) and Gores C3 Thermium ($400). The third option is a general-purpose midlayer from an outdoor brand. Some of my favorites lately have been wind-resistant pieces with lofted synthetic insulationthe kind you might also use for alpine touring or snowshoeing. Arcteryxs Atom LT ($259), Smartwools Smartloft-X 60 ($250), and Stios Alpiner ($289)hoodies all work great for winter trail rides and come in mens and womens versions.

Bonus: A Crappy Bike

You dont need a special bike to ride in winterespecially not a fat bikeunless you live in an area where riding on groomed or packed snow and ice is your primary option. Regular mountain-bike tires work just fine on hardpack, mixed surfaces, and even fresh snow less than six inches deep, and cyclocross or gravel bikes are ideal for roads and dry trails. But if you have the budget and storage space, theres something to be said for the beater bike. Winter riding is pretty abusive to equipment. Bikesgetwet, muddy, and coated with road salt and deicing chemicals, and its often too cold to wash your ride. This is why I like having something I dont mind putting away wet and leaving dirty for a month. Mine is an old steel hardtail with 26-inch wheels (quelle horreur) that I converted toasinglespeed and use mostly in winter, because its simple and low-maintenance. Itslimited suspension, narrow two-inch rubber, and single gear also makes easy trails spicier and more fun. You dont need to spend a ton hereand should look for options that will pull double duty, say as a warm-weather commuter. You can find secondhand gear atlocal swaps, consignment stores, on Craigslist or eBay, or through specialty resellers like thePros Closet.